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房地产基础知识培训77词

the principle of simplifie d EIA of constructi on proje cts i n the regi on. I n terms of la nd, li nked to t he impleme ntation of urban a nd rural construction land increase a nd decre ase, re placement indicat ors for pri ority areas pr oje ct. Charges, int o the proje cts of water, electri city, a dministra tive charges a nd prefere ntial policie s. In t he area of taxation, and settle d in area s of industry a nd its production company, withi n 5 years after the compl etion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of fina nci ng, integration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Gover nment cre dit + busi ness credit" cre dit system, establ ishme nt of marketization, commer cialization and moderni zation of the inve stment and fina nci ng platform; effective Bank-e nterpri se docki ng, e ncourages private capital into t he Park, to rai se industry devel opment fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustries . To create "policy l owl ands, Highla nds, integrity of s ervice la nd, devel opme nt land" as the goa l, to optimize the area under development envir onme nt. All admini strative law enforcement de partments to a ppoint a full -time pers onnel stati one d in areas dedi cated to coordinati ng and solving pr oblems a ss ociated with busi nesse s in thi s se ctor. When ther e are substantial i ssue s, se ctor lea ders arrange d to personal ly intervene, in-per son, in-pers on push tangi ble area buil ding a gree n light, easy li ne. To further reduce a nd standardi ze administrative examination a nd a ppr oval items, simplify examinati on and approval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the e ducati ona l practi ce of the ma ss line of the party, him self seriously i n the e ducation, practi cal contr ol ce ntral "eight rules" a nd opposi ng "the four wi nds" and practi cing "three S uns", a nd che ck the spirit of Jiao Y ulu, i de ology, soli cit opini ons bas ed on outstanding probl ems checke d sw ing, careful a nalysi s and reflection. Will now check re port is a s follow s: first, adherence to t he party's politi cal di sci pline , eight in t he central pr ovision, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, i n c ompliance wit h the party's political dis cipli nes. Conscie ntiously abide by the party' s politica l disci pline, abi de by t he Constit ution and the rules and regulati ons of the party, i n the political, ide ologi cal a nd maintai n hig hly consi stent with t he CPC Central Committee on t he acti on, t here is no vi olation of the party's political disci pli ne problems . 2, in t he impleme ntation of the central aut hor ities of the eight provisi ons. Impr oving rese arch, improvi ng research methods, but t here are les s grass -root s unit s, primary first-hand an i nade quate gras p of the probl em, whi ch is t o be stre ngthe ned in t he future . Second, construction, strictly i n accor dance with t he provi sions to streamli ne and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamlining fi le briefs, cult ure involve s all as pects of propaganda a nd ideol ogy, s ometimes due to the practi cal nee ds of invention notifications, thi s area nee ds furt her

房地产基础知识培训 77 词
【余源鹏房地产大讲堂】 eakyfa 房地产基础知识培训网

一、房地产基础知识培训之房屋产权类型的 15 相关名词
1 房屋,一般是指上有屋顶,周围有墙,能防风避雨,御寒保温,供人们在其中工作、 生活、学习、娱乐和储藏物资,并具有固定基础,层高一般在 2.2m 以上的永久性场所。但 根据某些地方的生活习惯,可供人们常年居住的窑洞、竹楼等也应包括在内。 2 共同共有房,是指两个或两个以上的人,对全部共有房产不分份额地享有平等的所有 权。 3 共有房产,是指两个或两个以上的人对某一项房产共同享有所有权。 4 有限产权房, 是房屋所有人在购买公房中按照房改政策以标准价购买的住房或建房过 程中得到了政府或企业补贴,房屋所有人享有完全的占有权、使用权和有限的处分权、收益 权。 5 使用权房,是指由国家以及国有企业、事业单位投资兴建的住宅,政府以规定的租金 标准出租给居民的公有住房。 6 货币分房, 就是把原来单位以实物形式分配给职工的那部分住房转变为货币工资形式 纳入职工工资, 成为居民的住房消费基金, 变实物分配为工资分配, 由职工自己买房或租房。 7 私房,也称私有住宅、私产住宅。它是由个人或家庭购买、建造的住宅。在农村,农 民的住宅基本上是自建私有住宅。 公有住房通过住宅消费市场出售给个人和家庭, 也就转为 私有住宅。 8 公房,也称公有住房或国有住宅。它是指由国家以及国有企业、事业单位投资兴建、 销售的住宅,在住宅未出售之前,住宅的产权(拥有权、占有权、处分权、收益权)归国家 所有。目前居民租用的公有住房,按房改政策分为两大类:一类是可售公有住房,一类是不 可售公有住房,这两类房均为使用权房。其中,归房管局管理的称直管公房;归各单位管理 的称自管公房。 9 不可售公房,是指根据现行房改政策还不能出售给承租居民的公有住房。它主要包括 旧式里弄、新式里弄、职工住房等厨房、卫生合用的不成套房屋,也包括部分公寓、花园住 宅等成套房屋。 10 公房的出售价格,是指以成本价向工薪阶层出售公有住房所实行的价格。它是按房 屋建造成本制订的售房价格, 包括征地和拆迁补偿费、 勘察设计及前期工程费、 建安工程费、 小区基础设施配套费、管理费、贷款利息和税金等 7 项因素。 11 房改房,又称为已购公有房,是指城镇职工根据国家和县级以上地方人民政府有关 城镇住房制度改革政策规定, 按照成本价或者标准价购买的已建公有住房。 按照成本价购买 的,房屋所有权归职工个人所有,按照标准价购买的,职工拥有部分房屋所有权,一般在五 年后归职工个人所有。 这类房屋来源一般是单位购买的商品房、自建房屋、集资建房等。 房改房产权分为三个级别:成本价产权和标准价产权以及标准价优惠产权。 12 单位产权房,是指产权属于单位所有的房屋,也称系统产权房、系统房。

streamlining. Four are sta ndar d visits, except as re quire d to participate in traini ng, no ot her a ctivity. Five i s to impr ove new s reporting, for propaganda wor k stri ctly accor ding to t he regul ations. Six is stri ctly your prese ntation publis hed strictly accor ding to t he reg ulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发

Seven is strictly thrift, require d the use of vehicle s and office spa ce and corporate hospitalit y. 3, cha nge the style.

Propaganda a nd i deol ogical w ork of the new situati on a nd new requirement s of the new tasks , ha d done a l ot of fruitful work , has ma de many a chieveme nts, but further cl oser to t he grass r oots, cl ose t o reality, close to the masse s and als o ina dequate innovation m ust continue to impr ove. Second, the "four winds" s ome outstanding is sue s 1, oppose formali sm. One the ory is t hat he didn't, with le ss clos e contact. The oretical st udy of cons ciousne ss is not high e nough, system perform ance i s not strong enough; more pa ssi ve lear ning, active le arni ng few generalities and learn mor e, delvi ng int o less .

Espe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on maj or iss ues, a pplyi ng the ory to guide t he work done is not good e nough, not really understand and grasp t he s pirit and es sence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt, di d not truly achieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certain extent, affect the devel opme nt and i mpl ementation of idea s and initiatives . Second, work arra ngements , and less supervisi on. Propaganda and ide ologi cal w ork is the obj ective, w hich needs t o keep t he conti nuity efforts de ploye d, but stress ed in t he w ork time, less supervisi on. F or example, c olor weekends i n the summer thea trical activities , city s quare performances, urging tow ns hips, communities and rural areas shows th e implementati on i s ina dequate, insufficie nt cult ural an e ducational role t o pla y. Thir d ba se enoug h, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd i deological work i n the new sit uation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p e nough for grass -roots publi c opini on Dy namics surve y, for grass -roots typi cally drive less. For exampl e, rural culture team a ctive, .. . I'm not a ctively take the i nitiative to take up, the lack of spirit of daring to, re sulti ng in s ome j ob ha d a lot of power, but no tang ible res ults. T hird, innovation, lack of motivation. Emancipation di d not end, innovati on does not exist. In practical work, not your head, previous w ork experi ence, la ck of innovation initiative s, study on the chara cteristics of propaganda and ideol ogical w ork under t he new situation t hrough, gri p on grassroots ideol ogical tre nds a nd cha nges are not deep, to pr omote new initiatives and explore new met hods of ideologi cal a nd cultural w ork is not much, a nd some la ck of releva nce a nd timeli ness . 4, disci pline, low ering, a nd hard w ork are la cking. While worki ng and e nterprisi ng s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yourself right, correctly treat past honors, their com place ncy, a nd w ork to se e their score s more, les s checki ng hi s ow n shortcomings, l ike to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, online promoti on, t here ar e typical, a nd la ck of high sta ndar ds a nd stri ct requireme nts, the effect is real. Second hard drive les s. On hard a nd

the principle of simplifie d EIA of constructi on proje cts i n the regi on. I n terms of la nd, li nked to t he impleme ntation of urban a nd rural construction land increase a nd decre ase, re placement indicat ors for pri ority areas pr oje ct. Charges, int o the proje cts of water, electri city, a dministrative charges a nd prefere ntial policie s. In t he area of taxation, and settle d in area s of industry a nd its production company, withi n 5 years after the compl etion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of fina nci ng, integration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Gover nment cre dit + busi ness credit" cre dit system, establ ishme nt of marketization, commer cialization and moderni zation of the inve stment and fina nci ng platform; effective Bank-e nterpri se docki ng, e ncourages private capital into t he Park, to rai se industry devel opment fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustries . To create "policy l owlands, Highla nds, integrity of s ervice la nd, devel opme nt land" as the goa l, to optimize the area under development envir onme nt. All admini strative law enforcement de partments to a ppoint a full -time pers onnel stati one d in areas dedi cated to coordinati ng and solving pr oblems a ss ociated with busi nesse s in thi s se ctor. When ther e are substantial i ssue s, se ctor lea ders arrange d to personal ly intervene, in-per son, in-pers on push tangi ble area buil ding a gree n light, easy li ne. To further reduce a nd standardi ze administrative examination a nd a ppr oval items, simplify examinati on and approval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the e ducati ona l practi ce of the ma ss line of the party, him self seriously i n the e ducation, practi cal contr ol ce ntral "eight rules" a nd opposi ng "the four wi nds" and practi cing "three S uns", a nd che ck the spirit of Jiao Y ulu, i de ology, soli cit o pini ons bas ed on outstanding probl ems checke d sw ing, careful a nalysi s and reflection. Will now check re port is a s follow s: first, adherence to t he party's politi cal di sci pline , eight in t he central pr ovision, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, i n compliance wit h the party's political dis cipli nes. Conscie ntiously abide by the party' s politica l disci pline, abi de by t he Constit ution and the rules and regulati ons of the party, i n the political, ide ologi cal a nd maintai n hig hly consi stent with t he CPC Central Committee on t he acti on, t here is no vi olation of the party's political disci pli ne problems . 2, in t he impleme ntation of the central aut hor ities of the eight provisi ons. Impr oving rese arch, improvi ng research methods, but t here are les s grass -root s unit s, primary first-hand an i nade quate gras p of the probl em, whi ch is t o be stre ngthe ned in t he future . Second, construction, strictly i n accor dance with t he provi sions to streamli ne and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamlining file briefs, cult ure involve s all as pects of propaganda a nd ideol ogy, s ometimes due to the practi cal nee ds of invention notif ications, thi s area nee ds furt her

13 再上市房,是指职工按照房改政策购买的公有住房或经济适用房首次上市出售的房 屋。 14 存量房,是指已被购买或自建并取得所有权证书的房屋。 15 增量房,是指房屋开发一级市场所开发出的新房,是相对于存量房而言的房屋,包 括商品房和经济适用房的预售房和现房。

二、房地产基础知识培训之房屋开发类型的 18 相关名词
1 商品房,是指由房地产开发企业开发建设并出售、出租的房屋。 2 外销房,是指房地产开发企业按政府外资工作主管部门的规定,通过实行土地批租形 式,报政府计划主管部门列入正式项目计划,建成后用于向境内境外出售的住宅、商业用房 及其他建筑物。 3 内销房, 是指房地产开发企业通过实行土地使用权出让形式, 经过政府主管部门审批, 建成后用于在国内范围(目前不包括香港特别行政区、澳门和台湾)出售的住宅、商业用房 及其他建筑物。 4 实有房屋,是指已建成并达到入住或使用条件的、含自有(私有)房屋在内的各类房 屋。 5 实有住宅,是指已建成并达到入住及使用条件的、含自有(私有)住宅在内的住宅。 6 住宅套数,是指按照设计要求已建成并达到入住、使用条件的成套住宅的套数。 7 成套住宅,是指由若干卧室、起居室、厨房、卫生间、室内走道或客厅等组成的供一 户使用的住宅。 8 现房,是指开发商已办妥房地产权证(大产证)的商品房,消费者在这一阶段购买商 品房时应签出售合同。通常意义上的现房是指项目已经竣工可以入住的房屋。 9 准现房,是指房屋主体已基本封顶完工但未竣工验收的房屋,小区内的楼宇及设施的 大致轮廓已初现,房型、楼间距等重要因素已经一目了然,工程正处在内外墙装修和进行配 套施工阶段的房屋。 10 期房,是指开发商从取得商品房预售许可证开始至取得房地产权证大产证止,在这 一期间的商品房称为期房, 消费者在这一阶段购买商品房时应签预售合同。 期房销售在港澳 地区称为卖“楼花” ,这是当前房地产开发商普遍采用的一种房屋销售方式。购买期房也就 是购房者购买尚处于建造之中的房地产项目。 11 二手房,即旧房。新建的商品房进行第一次交易时为“一手” ,第二次交易则为“二 手” 。一些无房的人,可以买一套别人多余的房;另一些手里有些积蓄又有小房子居住的, 可以卖掉旧房买新房;而那些住房富余户,也能卖掉自己的多余住房换取收益。 12 尾房,又称扫尾房。它是房地产业进入散户零售时代的产物,是空置房中的一种。 一般情况下,当商品房屋的销售量达到 90%以后,一般就进入房地产项目的清盘销售阶段, 此时所销售的房产, 一般称为尾房。 开发商经过正常的销售后剩下了少量没有竞争力的房子, 这些房子或朝向不好、采光不足,或是楼层不佳、位处两级等。 13 烂尾房,是指那些由于开发商资金不足、盲目上马,或者错误判断供求形势,开发 总量供大于求,导致大面积空置,无法回收前期投资,更无力进行后续建设,甚至全盘停滞 的积压楼宇。 “烂尾”的情况一般不会发生在房产刚推出销售的时候,而是随着项目的不断 推进,一步步显现。 14 空置商品房,是指房地产开发企业投资建设,取得房地产权证(大产证)已超过一 年的商品房。购买者购买该类房产可以免交契税。 15 毛坯房,是指商品房交付使用时只有门框没有门或只有外门,墙面地面仅做基础处 理而未做表面处理的房。
streamlining. Four are sta ndar d visits, except as re quire d to participate in traini ng, no ot her a ctivity. Five i s to impr ove new s reporting, for propaganda work stri ct ly accor ding to t he regul ations. Six is stri ctly your prese ntation publis hed strictly accor ding to t he reg ulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, require d the use of vehicle s and office spa ce and corporate hospitalit y. 3, cha nge the style. Propaganda a nd i deol ogical w ork of the new situati on a nd new requirement s of the new tasks , ha d done a l ot of fruitful work , has ma de many a chieveme nts, but further cl oser to t he grass r oots, cl ose t o reality, close to the masse s and als o ina dequate innovation must cont inue to impr ove. Second, the "four winds" s ome outstanding is sue s 1, oppose formali sm. One the ory is t hat he didn't, with le ss clos e contact. The oretical st udy of cons ciousne ss is not high e nough, system perform ance i s not strong enough; more pa ssive lear ning, active le arni ng few generalities and learn mor e, delvi ng int o less . Espe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on maj or iss ues, a pplyi ng the ory to guide t he work done is not good e nough, not really understand and grasp t he s pirit and es sence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt, di d not truly achieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certain extent, affect the devel opme nt and impl ementation of idea s and initiatives . Second, work arra ngements , and less supervisi on. Propaganda and ide ologi cal w ork is the obj ective, w hich needs t o keep t he conti nuity efforts de ploye d, but stress ed in t he w ork time, less supervisi on. F or example, color week ends i n the summer thea trical activities , city s quare performances, urging tow ns hips, communities and rural areas shows the implem entati on i s ina dequate, insufficie nt cult ural an e ducational role t o pla y. Thir d ba se enoug h, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd i deological work i n the new sit uation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p e nough for grass -roots publi c opini on Dy namics surve y, for grass -roots typi cally drive less. For exampl e, rural culture team a ctive, .. . I'm not a ctively take the i nitiative to take up, the lack of spirit of daring to, re sulti ng in s ome j ob ha d a lot of power, but no tang ible res ults. T hird, innovation, lack of motivation. Emancipation di d not end, innovati on does not exist. In practical work, not your head, previous w ork experi ence, la ck of innovation initiative s, study on the chara cteristics of propaganda and ideol ogical w ork under t he new situation t hrough, gri p on grassroots ideol ogical tre nds a nd cha nges are not deep, to pr omote new initiatives and explore new met hods of ideologi cal a nd cultural w ork is not much, a nd some la ck of releva nce a nd timeli ness . 4, disci pline, low ering, a nd hard w ork are la cking. While worki ng and e nterprisi ng s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yourself right, correctly treat past honors, their com place ncy, a nd w ork to se e their score s more, les s checki ng hi s ow n shortcomings, l ike to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, online promoti on, t here ar e typical, a nd la ck of high sta ndar ds a nd stri ct requireme nts, the effect is real. Second hard drive les s. On hard a nd

the principle of simplifie d EIA of constructi on proje cts i n the regi on. I n terms of la nd, li nked to t he impleme ntation of urban a nd rural construction land increase a nd decre ase, re placement indicat ors for pri ority areas pr oje ct. Charges, int o the proje cts of water, electri city, a dministrative charges a nd prefere ntial policie s. In t he area of t axation, and settle d in area s of industry a nd its production company, withi n 5 years after the compl etion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of fina nci ng, integration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Gover nment cre dit + busi ness credit" cre dit system, establ ishme nt of marketization, commer cialization and moderni zation of the inve stment and fina nci ng platform; effective Bank-e nterpri se docki ng, e ncourages private capital into t he Park, to rai se industry devel opment fund. 5, o ptimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustries . To create "policy l owlands, Highla nds, integrity of s ervice la nd, devel opme nt land" as the goa l, to optimize the area under development envir onme nt. All admini strative law enforcement de partments to a ppoint a full -time pers onnel stati one d in areas dedi cated to coordinati ng and solving pr oblems a ss ociated with busi nesse s in thi s se ctor. When ther e are substantial i ssue s, se ctor lea ders arrange d to personal ly intervene, in -per son, in-pers on push tangi ble area buil ding a gree n light, easy li ne. To further reduce a nd standardi ze administrative examination a nd a ppr oval items, simplify ex aminati on and approval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the e ducati ona l practi ce of the ma ss line of the party, him self seriously i n the e ducation, practi cal contr ol ce ntral "eight rules" a nd opposi ng "the four wi nds" and practi cing " three S uns", a nd che ck the spirit of Jiao Y ulu, i de ology, soli cit opini ons bas ed on outstanding probl ems checke d sw ing, caref ul a nalysi s and reflection. Will now check re port is a s follow s: first, adherence to t he party's politi cal di sci pline , eight in t he central pr ovision, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, i n compliance wit h the party's political dis cipli nes. Conscie ntiously abide by the party' s politica l disci pline, abi de by t he Constit ution and the rules and regulati ons of the party, i n t he political, ide ologi cal a nd maintai n hig hly consi stent with t he CPC Central Committee on t he acti on, t here is no vi olation of the party's political disci pli ne problems . 2, in t he impleme ntation of the central aut hor ities of the eight provisi ons. Impr oving rese arch, improvi ng research methods, but t here are les s grass -root s unit s,

primary first-hand an i nade quate gras p of the problem, whi ch i s to be strengthene d in the f uture. Se cond, construction, strictly i n accorda nce with the provi sions to streamli ne and improve t he quality of meeting s of the Conference. T hird, streamlining file briefs, culture i nvolves al l aspects of propag anda a nd i deol ogy, sometimes due to t he pra ctical needs of inventi on notificati ons , this area nee ds further

房地产基础知识培训网(eakyfa)版

权所有

16 成品房,是指对墙面、顶棚、门套、地板实行装修的商品房。 17 装修房,是指在成品房装修的基础上,对卫生间和厨房进行整体厨卫装修的商品房。 18 楼花,在香港早期是指未完工的物业(即在建物业) ,现在一般指未正式交付之前的 商品房。

三、房地产基础知识培训之房屋产品类型的 22 相关名词
1 住宅,是专供人们居住用的房屋。它主要包括普通居住用房、别墅、公寓、宿舍用房 等,职工单身宿舍和学生宿舍等也包括在内。 2 非住宅, 是指除了住宅以外的非居住用房屋, 包括办公用房、 商业用房和厂房仓库等。 3 普通住宅,是指按所在地一般民用住宅建筑标准建造的居住用房屋。目前,它多为多 层住宅和高层住宅。多层住宅是指 2~6 层(含 6 层)的楼房;高层住宅是指 6 层以上的楼 房,高层住宅多安装电梯。由于各地对多层和高层的定义不一致,划分标准各地可根据实际 情况酌情确定。 4 豪华住宅,是指按超出一般民用住宅建筑标准建造的高标准住宅,通常包括别墅和高 档公寓。 5 别墅,是指在郊区或风景区建造的舒适式园林住宅,一般拥有私家车库、花园、草坪、 院落等。 6 高档公寓,是指其单位建筑面积造价通常高于当地一般民用住宅造价一倍以上的公 寓,通常为跃层式住宅、顶层有花园的或多层住宅配有电梯的,并拥有较好的绿化、商服、 物业管理等配套设施。 7 酒店式服务公寓,是指提供酒店式管理服务的公寓,始于 1994 年,意为“酒店式的 服务,公寓式的管理” ,市场定位很高。它是集住宅、酒店、会所多功能于一体的,具有“自 用”和“投资”两大功效,除了提供传统酒店的各项服务外,更重要的是向住客提供家庭式 的居住布局、家居式的服务,让人有宾至如归的感觉。 8 花园式住宅,也叫西式洋房、小洋楼、花园别墅或花园洋房,是带有花园草坪和车库 的独院式平房或二三层小楼,建筑密度很低,内部居住功能完备,装修豪华,并富有变化, 一般为高收入者购买。 9 公寓式住宅,是相对于独院独户的西式别墅住宅而言的。一般建在大城市,大多数是 高层,标准较高,每一层内有若干单户独用的套房,包括卧室、起居室、客厅、浴室、厕所、 厨房、阳台等,供一些常常往来的中外客商及其家眷中短期租用。 10 单元式住宅,又叫梯间式住宅,是以一个楼梯为几户服务的单元组合体,一般为多 层、高层住宅所采用。居住单元是指一个楼梯里有几户,俗称一梯两户、一梯四户等。单元 式住宅的基本特点:①每层以楼梯为中心,每层安排户数较少,一般为 2~4 户,大进深的 每层可服务于 5~8 户,住户由楼梯平台进入分户门,各户自成一体;②户内生活设施完善, 即减少了住户之间的相互干扰, 又能适应多种气候条件; ③建筑面积较小, 可以标准化生产, 造价经济合理;④仍保留一定的公共使用面积,如楼梯、走道、垃圾道,保持一定的邻里交 往,有助于改善人际关系。单元式住宅一经建造使用,便被社会所接受,并推广到世界绝大 多数国家和地区。 11 商住楼,是指既能办公又能住宿的楼宇。在现代,不少大楼将办公、住宿、商务活 动等功能综合在一起,又称为综合性多功能写字楼。 12 商务楼,是指提供各种商务活动的楼宇,除了办公室以外一般还有展示厅、会议厅、 洽谈室等,但主要部分仍然是办公室。 13 办公楼也即写字楼,是指企业、事业、机关、团体、学校、医院等单位的办公用房 屋。其中,档次较高的、设备较齐全的为高标准写字楼,条件一般的为普通办公用房。
streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e. Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he "four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few generalities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss. Espe cially ba sed on rational thinki ng on major is sue s, applying theory to guide the work done is not good enoug h, not really understand and grasp t he s pirit and e sse nce of the s cientific Outl ook on devel opme nt, di d not tr uly achieve mastery, to a ppl y, to a certain extent, affect the devel opment a nd i mpleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is t he objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stres sed i n the w ork time, less s upervision. For example , col or weeke nds in the summer theatri cal activities , city square performances, urgi ng townshi ps, communities and rural area s sh ows the implementati on is i nade quate , ins ufficient cultural a n educati onal rol e to pla y. Thir d bas e enoug h, master grass -less real . Propaganda and ide ologi cal work i n the new sit uation of chara cteristics and regularity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opi nion Dynami cs s urvey, for grass -roots typi cally drive less. For example, r ural culture team active, . .. I'm not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. In practical work, not your head, previous work ex perience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd i deol ogical w ork under t he new situati on thr ough, grip on grassroots ideol ogical tre nds a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cultural w ork is not much, a nd s ome lack of releva nce a nd timeli ness . 4, di sci pline , loweri ng, and har d work are la cking. While worki ng and enter prising spirit dow n. No real sol ution to treat your self right, correctly treat past honors, their com placency, a nd w ork to see t heir scores more, less che cking his ow n s hortcomings, l ike to listen t o the prai se, satisfie d face, online promoti on, there are typical, a nd la ck of high sta ndar ds a nd stri ct requireme nts, the effect is real. Second hard drive les s. On hard a nd

【余源鹏房地产大讲堂】

the principle of simplifie d EIA of constructi on proje cts i n the regi on. I n terms of la nd, li nked to t he impleme ntation of urban a nd rural construction land increase a nd decre ase, re placement indicat ors for pri ority areas pr oje ct. Charges, int o the proje cts of water, electri city, a dministrative charges a nd prefere ntial policie s. In t he area of taxation, and settle d in area s of industry a nd its production company, withi n 5 years after the compl etion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of fina nci ng, integration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Gover nment cre dit + busi ness credit" cre dit system, establ ishme nt of marketization, commer cialization and moderni zation of the inve stment and fina nci ng platform; effective Bank-e nterpri se docki ng, e ncourages private capital into t he Park, to rai se industry devel opment fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustries . To create "policy l owlands, Highla nds, integrity of s ervice la nd, devel opme nt land" as the goa l, to optimize the area under development envir onme nt. All admini strative law enforcement de partments to a ppoint a full -time pers onnel stati one d in areas dedi cated to coordinati ng and solving pr oblems a ss ociated with busi nesse s in thi s se ctor. When ther e are substantial i ssue s, se ctor lea ders arrange d to personal ly intervene, in-per son, in-pers on push tangi ble area buil ding a gree n light, easy li ne. To further reduce a nd standardi ze administrative examination a nd a ppr oval items, simplify examinati on and approval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the e ducati ona l practi ce of the ma ss line of the party, him self seriously i n the e ducation, practi cal contr ol ce ntral "eight rules" a nd opposi ng "the four wi nds" and practi cing "three S uns", a nd che ck the spirit of Jiao Y ulu, i de ology, soli cit o pini ons bas ed on outstanding probl ems checke d sw ing, careful a nalysi s and reflection. Will now check re port is a s follow s: first, adherence to t he party's politi cal di sci pline , eight in t he central pr ovision, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, i n compliance wit h the party's political dis cipli nes. Conscie ntiously abide by the party' s politica l disci pline, abi de by t he Constit ution and the rules and regulati ons of the party, i n the political, ide ologi cal a nd maintai n hig hly consi stent with t he CPC Central Committee on t he acti on, t here is no vi olation of the party's political disci pli ne problems . 2, in t he impleme ntation of the central aut hor ities of the eight provisi ons. Impr oving rese arch, improvi ng research methods, but t here are les s grass -root s unit s, primary first-hand an i nade quate gras p of the probl em, whi ch is t o be stre ngthe ned in t he future . Second, construction, strictly i n accor dance with t he provi sions to streamli ne and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamlining file briefs, cult ure involve s all as pects of propaganda a nd ideol ogy, s ometimes due to the practi cal nee ds of invention notif ications, thi s area nee ds furt her

14 工业厂房,是指直接用于生产或为生产配套的各种房屋,包括主要车间、辅助用房 及附属设施用房。凡工业、交通运输、商业、建筑业以及科研、学校等单位中的厂房都应包 括在内。 15 仓库,是指工业、交通运输、商业、供销、外贸、物资及其他企事业单位建造的成 品库、半成品库、原材料库、货物仓库、物资储备库以及冷藏库、粮油库等。 16 商场,是指规划为对外公开进行经营的建筑物。 17 综合楼,是指兼有住家、办公甚至商场的大楼。 18 店面又称门面或门市房,用做商铺,多为一楼、沿街。 19SOHO 是 small office home office 的缩写,意思是小型的家庭办公室。 20LOFT,英语的意思是指工厂或仓库的楼层,现指没有内墙隔断的开敞式平面布置住 宅。LOFT 发源于 20 世纪六七十年代美国纽约的建筑,现逐渐演化成为一种时尚的居住与 生活方式。 LOFT 是同时支持商住两用的楼型,所以主要消费群体包括个性上的和功能上的。作为 功能上的考虑,一些比较需要空间高度的,如电视台演播厅、公司产品展示厅等;作为个性 上的考虑,许多年轻人以及艺术家都是 LOFT 的消费群体,甚至包括一些 IT 企业。 21SHOPPING MALL,直译为“步行街购物广场” ,是目前国际上最流行、经营效果最 佳的零售百货模式。它具有四大特征:开放性的公共休闲广场,强烈吸引人气;开放性的对 外交通设计,广纳周边人气;相对闭合的内部通道回路,充分利用有效人流;购物与休闲良 性互动,形成惊人的商业效应。 22 会所,就是以所在物业业主为主要服务对象的综合性康体娱乐服务设施。会所具备 的软硬件条件:康体设施包括泳池(最好是室内) 、网球或羽毛球场、高尔夫练习馆、保龄 球馆、健身房等娱乐健身场所;中西餐厅、酒吧、咖啡厅等餐饮与待客的社交场所;还可具 有网吧、阅览室等其他服务设施。 会所的功能和建设档次可分为基础型和超级型。 基础型的会所提供给业主最基本的健康 生活需求,可让人免费使用。超级会所则适当对其中部分设施的使用收取一定的费用。会所 原则上只对社区业主服务,不对外开放,保证了业主活动的私密性和安全性。作为休闲健身 的场所,会所也给业主提供了良好的社交场所。

四:房地产基础知识培训之房屋建筑类型的 12 相关名词
1 双拼住宅,即每单元层中有两户住宅,又称一梯两户。 2 三拼住宅,即每单元层中有三户住宅,又称一梯三户。 3 独栋别墅,就是独立别墅,简称独栋,即独立一栋存在的别墅。 4 双拼别墅,即两栋连在一起的别墅。 5 连栋别墅,即多栋连在一起的别墅。 6 联排别墅,英文为 Townhouse,其原始概念是“联排住宅,有天有地,独立的院子和 车库” 。它是第二次世界大战以后西方国家发展新城镇时出现的住宅形态,楼体高度不超过 4 层。其特点集中表现为:离城很近、方便上班及工作、环境优美,成为城市发展过程中住 宅郊区化的一种代表形态。联排别墅包括了双联排别墅和多联排别墅。 7 叠拼别墅,即多栋连在一起,每栋楼中存在两个以上跃层式住宅的别墅。 8 板楼,是指由多个住宅单元组合而成,每单元均设有楼梯或楼梯、电梯皆有的住宅; 每个单元用自己单独的楼梯、电梯。板楼又称排楼,是并排兴建而成的建筑体,一般为多层 或小高层。 9 塔楼,主要是指以共用楼梯、电梯为核心布置多套住房的高层住宅。通俗地说,塔楼 以电梯、楼梯为布局核心,上到楼层之后,向四面走可以直接进入户内。塔楼的基本形式:
streamlining. Four are sta ndar d visits, except as re quire d to participate in traini ng, no ot her a ctivity. Five i s to impr ove new s reporting, for propaganda work stri ct ly accor ding to t he regul ations. Six is stri ctly your prese ntation publis hed strictly accor ding to t he reg ulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, require d the use of vehicle s and office spa ce and corporate hospitalit y. 3, cha nge the style. Propaganda a nd i deol ogical w ork of the new situati on a nd new requirement s of the new tasks , ha d done a l ot of fruitful work , has ma de many a chieveme nts, but further cl oser to t he grass r oots, cl ose t o reality, close to the masse s and als o ina dequate innovation must cont inue to impr ove. Second, the "four winds" s ome outstanding is sue s 1, oppose formali sm. One the ory is t hat he didn't, with le ss clos e contact. The oretical st udy of cons ciousne ss is not high e nough, system perform ance i s not strong enough; more pa ssive lear ning, active le arni ng few generalities and learn mor e, delvi ng int o less . Espe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on maj or iss ues, a pplyi ng the ory to guide t he work done is not good e nough, not really understand and grasp t he s pirit and es sence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt, di d not truly achieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certain extent, affect the devel opme nt and impl ementation of idea s and initiatives . Second, work arra ngements , and less supervisi on. Propaganda and ide ologi cal w ork is the obj ective, w hich needs t o keep t he conti nuity efforts de ploye d, but stress ed in t he w ork time, less supervisi on. F or example, color week ends i n the summer thea trical activities , city s quare performances, urging tow ns hips, communities and rural areas shows the implem entati on i s ina dequate, insufficie nt cult ural an e ducational role t o pla y. Thir d ba se enoug h, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd i deological work i n the new sit uation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p e nough for grass -roots publi c opini on Dy namics surve y, for grass -roots typi cally drive less. For exampl e, rural culture team a ctive, .. . I'm not a ctively take the i nitiative to take up, the lack of spirit of daring to, re sulti ng in s ome j ob ha d a lot of power, but no tang ible res ults. T hird, innovation, lack of motivation. Emancipation di d not end, innovati on does not exist. In practical work, not your head, previous w ork experi ence, la ck of innovation initiative s, study on the chara cteristics of propaganda and ideol ogical w ork under t he new situation t hrough, gri p on grassroots ideol ogical tre nds a nd cha nges are not deep, to pr omote new initiatives and explore new met hods of ideologi cal a nd cultural w ork is not much, a nd some la ck of releva nce a nd timeli ness . 4, disci pline, low ering, a nd hard w ork are la cking. While worki ng and e nterprisi ng s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yourself right, correctly treat past honors, their com place ncy, a nd w ork to se e their score s more, les s checki ng hi s ow n shortcomings, l ike to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, online promoti on, t here ar e typical, a nd la ck of high sta ndar ds a nd stri ct requireme nts, the effect is real. Second hard drive les s. On hard a nd

the principle of simplifie d EIA of constructi on proje cts i n the regi on. I n terms of la nd, li nked to t he impleme ntation of urban a nd rural construction land increase a nd decre ase, re placement indicat ors for pri ority areas pr oje ct. Charges, int o the proje cts of water, electri city, a dministrative charges a nd prefere ntial policie s. In t he area of t axation, and settle d in area s of industry a nd its production company, withi n 5 years after the compl etion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of fina nci ng, integration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Gover nment cre dit + busi ness credit" cre dit system, establ ishme nt of marketization, commer cialization and moderni zation of the inve stment and fina nci ng platform; effective Bank-e nterpri se docki ng, e ncourages private capital into t he Park, to rai se industry devel opment fund. 5, o ptimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustries . To create "policy l owlands, Highla nds, integrity of s ervice la nd, devel opme nt land" as the goa l, to optimize the area under development envir onme nt. All admini strative law enforcement de partments to a ppoint a full -time pers onnel stati one d in areas dedi cated to coordinati ng and solving pr oblems a ss ociated with busi nesse s in thi s se ctor. When ther e are substantial i ssue s, se ctor lea ders arrange d to personal ly intervene, in -per son, in-pers on push tangi ble area buil ding a gree n light, easy li ne. To further reduce a nd standardi ze administrative examination a nd a ppr oval items, simplify ex aminati on and approval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the e ducati ona l practi ce of the ma ss line of the party, him self seriously i n the e ducation, practi cal contr ol ce ntral "eight rules" a nd opposi ng "the four wi nds" and practi cing " three S uns", a nd che ck the spirit of Jiao Y ulu, i de ology, soli cit opini ons bas ed on outstanding probl ems checke d sw ing, caref ul a nalysi s and reflection. Will now check re port is a s follow s: first, adherence to t he party's politi cal di sci pline , eight in t he central pr ovision, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, i n compliance wit h the party's political dis cipli nes. Conscie ntiously abide by the party' s politica l disci pline, abi de by t he Constit ution and the rules and regulati ons of the party, i n t he political, ide ologi cal a nd maintai n hig hly consi stent with t he CPC Central Committee on t he acti on, t here is no vi olation of the party's political disci pli ne problems . 2, in t he impleme ntation of the central aut hor ities of the eight provisi ons. Impr oving rese arch, improvi ng research methods, but t here are les s grass -root s unit s,

primary first-hand an i nade quate gras p of the problem, whi ch i s to be strengthene d in the f uture. Se cond, construction, strictly i n accorda nce with the provi sions to streamli ne and improve t he quality of meeting s of the Conference. T hird, streamlining file briefs, culture i nvolves al l aspects of propag anda a nd i deol ogy, sometimes due to t he pra ctical needs of inventi on notificati ons , this area nee ds further

房地产基础知识培训网(eakyfa)版

权所有

传统的塔楼形式有十字形、井字形和方形塔楼,改良后的塔楼形式为蝶形塔楼。板楼的售价 明显高于塔楼,传统塔楼对采光通风活动空间采取了牺牲,对于没有明显板楼、塔楼偏好的 消费者而言,蝶形塔楼帮助实现了成本与户型的平衡。 10 错层住宅,每套住宅的平面,其不同使用功能不在同一平面层上,形成多个不同标 高平面的使用空间和变化的视觉效果。住宅室内环境错落有致,极富韵律感。错层住宅利用 平面上的错落,使静与动、食与寝、会客与餐厅的功能分区,避免相互干扰,有利于形成具 有个性的室内环境。 11 跃层式住宅,是近年来推广的一种新颖住宅建筑形式。这类住宅的特点是,住宅占 有上下两层楼面,卧室、起居室、客厅、卫生间、厨房及其他辅助用房可以分层布置,上下 层之间的交通不通过公共楼梯而采用户内独用小楼梯连接。 跃层式住宅的优点是每户都有两 层或两层合一的采光面,即使朝向不好,也可以通过增大采光面积弥补,通风较好,户内居 住面积和辅助面积较大,布局紧凑,功能明确,相互干扰较小。不足之处是安全出口相对狭 小。 12 复式住宅,是受跃层式住宅启发而创造设计的一种经济型住宅。这类住宅在建造上 仍每户占有上下两层,实际是在层高较高的一层楼中增建一个 1.2m 的夹层,两层合计的层 高要大大低于跃层式住宅(复式为 3.3m,而一般跃层为 5.6m) ,复式住宅的下层供起居用, 炊事、进餐、洗浴等,上层供休息睡眠和储藏用,户内设多处入墙式壁柜和楼梯,中间楼板 也即上层的地板。 复式住宅在设计施工和使用上有一些不足: ①复式住宅的面宽大, 进深小, 如采用内廊式平面组合必然导致一部分户型朝向不佳,自然采光较差;②层高过低,如厨房 只有 2m 高度,长期使用易产生局促憋气的不适感,储藏间较大,但层高只有 1.2m,很难 充分利用。

streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发

Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e.

Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he "four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few generalities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss.

Espe cially ba sed on rational thinki ng on major is sue s, applying theory to guide the work done is not good enoug h, not really understand and grasp t he s pirit and e sse nce of the s cientific Outl ook on devel opme nt, di d not tr uly achieve mastery, to a ppl y, to a certain extent, affect the devel opment a nd i mpleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is t he objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stres sed i n the w ork time, less s upervision. For example , col or weeke nds in the summer theatri cal activities , city square performances, urgi ng townshi ps, communities and rural area s sh ows the implementati on is i nade quate , ins ufficient cultural a n educati onal rol e to pla y. Thir d bas e enoug h, master grass -less real . Propaganda and ide ologi cal work i n the new sit uation of chara cteristics and regularity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opi nion Dynami cs s urvey, for grass -roots typi cally drive less. For example, r ural culture team active, . .. I'm not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. In practical work, not your head, previous work ex perience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd i deol ogical w ork under t he new situati on thr ough, grip on grassroots ideol ogical tre nds a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cultural w ork is not much, a nd s ome lack of releva nce a nd timeli ness . 4, di sci pline , loweri ng, and har d work are la cking. While worki ng and enter prising spirit dow n. No real sol ution to treat your self right, correctly treat past honors, their com placency, a nd w ork to see t heir scores more, less che cking his ow n s hortcomings, l ike to listen t o the prai se, satisfie d face, online promoti on, there are

typical, a nd la ck of high sta ndar ds a nd stri ct requireme nts, the effect is real. Second hard drive les s. On hard a nd

【余源鹏房地产大讲堂】