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全国2009年10月高等教育自学考试 政治经济学〔财〕试题 课程代码:00009

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for the masses com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the service of t he "last mile". Thir d, foster the devel opment of new e nergy, new Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinping stre sse d devel opment of innovation fore st restruct uring, revitali zation of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compre he nsive opini ons of revitalizing Nort heast China a nd other old industrial bas es, the CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Northeast China were ... V igorous determi nation does not wav er, the work does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the development has more to do wit h har d, and not muddle al ong, passive i nacti on. To rely on their ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new re quireme nts. We must se ize the opportunity, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more com pli cated, t o start and target, give full play to the i nitiative of leadi ng ca dres at all levels , active, a ctive, focusi ng on bui ldi ng new mome ntum for devel opme nt, accelerating tra nsformation of forest devel opment. To im plement the ne w development phil osophy. Philosophy is t he acti on g uide, new i deas a nd new

developments. Carrying out innovati on, coordinati on a nd development of gree n, open, share d idea s, must be measura ble, dire ct acti on wit h new devel opment conce pts, traini ng cadre s. I n a new development conce pt as a yardsti ck. Establi she d in li ne with t he ne w concept of evaluati on sy stem and evaluation criteri on, em bodies the new development poli cy, organizati on, mandate impleme ntation, always meas ured by t he new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous corre ctio n of forest transiti on cours e. I n a new development conce pt for the path command. As part of the impleme ntation of the new development phil os ophy foll owed a nd a ction gui deline s, firmly adjuste d, correcte d and reject uns uitabl e, ina ppr opriate and eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a ppr oach base d on a br oad visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr ucti on, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsur e that new devel opment i deas take root in forest areas . In a new deve lopme nt concept for wea pon training cadre. E ducation leaders "i n the new, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and powe r. Combined de velopment "six big i ndustry", and implementati on "three big engi neeri ng", and

create "two big envir onme nt", strengthe ning on ne w devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of lear ning, a nd gras p and using, rea l put thoug ht and a ction unified to new devel opme nt concept up, at with new dev elopment concept armed himself, and g uide practi ce, effective do advocate innova tion, a nd focuse d on coordi nation, and advocate green, and thick plant ope n, and advance s hared . Second, we must rely on Scie nce and technol ogy affects. Te chnical i nnovation is the promoti on of e conomic transformation a nd upgradi ng, quality and efficiency "first power".

全国 2009 年 10 月自学考试政治经济学(财)试题
课程代码:00009
一、单项选择题(本大题共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,共 30 分) 在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题目要求的,请将其代码填写在题后的括号内。错选、多选或未 选均无分。 1.下列属于资产阶级庸俗经济学代表人物的是( A.威廉·配第 C.西斯蒙第 2.生产力中最根本的力量是( A.生产资料 C.劳动对象 3.反映一国经济活动总量的综合性指标是( A.国民收入 C.国内生产总值 4.商品的价值量是由生产商品的( A.个别劳动时间决定的 C.剩余劳动时间决定的 5.执行流通手段职能的货币( A.必须是金属货币 C.必须是现实的货币 6.市场经济中价格机制发挥作用是通过( A.价格与价值趋于一致实现的 B.价格与价值的背离实现的 C.价格与价值的同等幅度变化实现的 D.价格与价值的背离及其趋于一致的过程实现的 7.市场体系的内容包括( A.商品市场与生产资料市场 C.生产资料市场与劳动力市场 8.劳动力成为商品是( A.一切社会经济制度共有的
livelihood, i s related t o pe ople' s well -bei ng and social harmony a nd stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improv e the liveli hood of the people as the starting point a nd ending point of transition and improve fore st pe ople' s feeling a nd happines s. To pr omote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im plementing poverty all eviation crucial proje ct is a major strategic de cisi on ma de by the CPC Ce ntral Committee, is als o determined by t he pr ovincial "first proje ct", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction t o the re quireme nts of the Central, provi ncial, re sol utely win t he poverty battle. T he previous pha se I to 18 stations, Ta he, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, g o, the heavier, more pre ssure . For poverty relief and devel opme nt work, we m ust pay attenti on to it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, shoul d not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no slack . Poverty alleviati on a nd devel opme nt lies in preci se, a ccurate. Prese nt, in order t o find out the real ba se of poor people as soon a s possi ble, come up with feas ible poverty sta ndar ds, state card, built on t he ba sis of document management. To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, i ncrea se the i ntensity of resource i ntegration, a nd relate d funding, with limited funds wisel y. By usi ng a combi nation of 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优



B.萨伊 D.普鲁东 ) B.劳动者 D.资本 ) B.国民生产净值 D.社会总产值 ) B.社会必要劳动时间决定的 D.全部劳动时间决定的 ) B.必须是观念上的货币 D.可以是观念上的货币 )

) B.商品市场与生产要素市场 D.房地产市场与信息市场



employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for poverty era dicati on poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty alleviati on, me dical ai d of poverty means , due to effects of polici es, those poli cies, ens ure the completion of missi on obje ctives for p overty eradicati on for t he year. To a ctively prom ote the constructi on of new towns . In Fe bruary this year, promulgate d by the State Council on further promoting urba nizati on constructi on of new opi nions, pr opose d to adhere to t he people-centere d, four m oder nizations sy nchronization, optimization, ecology civilizati on a nd cultural heritage of ne w ur banizati on path with Chi nese chara cteristics. Accor ding to district -wide construction of civil ized city and the beautiful countrysi de, further strengtheni ng of urban transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and more liva ble e nvironme nt. To actively seize the full stop and opportunitie s for poverty alleviation a nd devel opme nt, further efforts to i ncrea se forest villages merge, populati on to t he County (district) Council s ites and ce nt res concentrated i n villages and t owns. Combi ned development of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a

number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour tow ns and villages, formi ng one village one pr oduct, a feature patt er n. Cl oser to t he masses . Since last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the l eadi ng cadre s of grassroots masse s at work, s olve the probl ems of a large num ber of pe opl e, get the m asses give w hole hearted support t o and praise, t his w ork will carry on, a bsolutely ca nnot or moveme nt. Grassr oots mas ses and ca dres in com binati on with poverty reducti on, com bine d with the steady w ork of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for the masses com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the service of t he "last mile". Thir d, foster the devel opment of new e nergy, new Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinping stre sse d devel opment of innovation fore st restruct uring, revitali zation of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compre he nsive opini ons of revitalizing Nort heast China a nd other old industrial bas es, the CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Northeast China were ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the development has more to do wit h har d, and not muddle al ong, passive i nacti on. To rely on their ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new re quireme nts. We must se ize the opportunity, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, t o start and target, give full play to the i nitiative of leadi ng ca dres at all levels , active, a ctive, focusi ng on bui ldi ng new mome ntum for devel opme nt, accelerating tra nsformation of forest devel opment. To im plement the ne w development phil osophy. Philosophy is t he acti on g uide, new i deas a nd new

developments. Carrying out innovati on, coordinati on a nd development of gree n, open, share d idea s, must be measura ble, dire ct acti on wit h new devel opment conce pts, traini ng cadre s. I n a new development conce pt as a yardsti ck. Establi she d in li ne with t he ne w concept of evaluati on sy stem and evaluation criteri on, em bodies the new development poli cy, organizati on, mandate impleme ntation, alw ays meas ured by t he new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous corre ction of forest transiti on cours e. I n a new development conce pt for the path command. As part of the impleme ntation of the new development phil os ophy foll owed a nd a ction gui deline s, firmly adjuste d, correcte d and reject uns uitabl e, ina ppr opriate and eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a ppr oach base d on a br oad visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr ucti on, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsur e that new devel opment i deas take root in forest areas . In a new deve lopme nt concept for wea pon training cadre. E ducation leaders "i n the new, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and powe r. Combined de velopment "six big i ndustry", and implementati on "three big engi neeri ng", and

create "two big envir onme nt", strengthe ning on ne w devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of lear ning, a nd gras p and using, rea l put thoug ht and a ction unified to new devel opme nt concept up, at with new dev elopment concept armed himself, and g uide practi ce, effective do advocate innova tion, a nd focuse d on coordi nation, and advocate green, and thick plant ope n, and advance s hared. Second, we must rely on Scie nce and technol ogy affects. Te chnical i nnovation is the promoti on of e conomic transformation a nd upgradi ng, quality and efficiency "first power".

B.简单商品经济的前提 C.自然经济转化为商品经济的决定性条件 D.货币转化为资本的决定性条件 9.某资本主义工厂工作日为 8 小时,其中必要劳动时间和剩余劳动时间各 4 小时,月工资总额为 5 万元,该厂资 本家每月获剩余价值( A.5 万元 C.30 万元 10.生产资料作为资本必须( A.通过市场交换 B.同劳动者的劳动相结合 C.成为剥削雇佣工人的手段 D.生产出某种使用价值 11.产业资本划分为货币资本、生产资本、商品资本的依据是其各个部分( A.在价值增殖过程中的作用不同 C.存在的物质形态不同 B.价值周转方式不同 D.在循环中的职能不同 ) ) ) ) B.10 万元 D.60 万元

12.下列属于不变资本又属于固定资本的是( A.原料 C.辅助材料 13.资本家加速资本周转的目的在于( A.提高剩余价值率 C.提高利息率

B.燃料 D.机器设备 ) B.提高年剩余价值率 D.提高平均利润率 )

14.将社会总产品分为生产资料和消费资料是根据( A.资本的不同部分在价值增殖中的不同作用 B.资本的不同部分价值周转方式不同 C.社会总产品在社会总资本再生产过程中的最终用途不同 D.社会总产品的实现方式不同 15.在资本主义社会,生产成本是生产单位产品( A.所预付的全部资本 C.所耗费的全部不变资本 16.商业资本所获得的利润相当于( A.企业利润 C.超额利润 )

B.所耗费的全部可变资本 D.所耗费的不变资本和可变资本 ) B.平均利润 D.创业利润

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd soci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determ ine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with feasi ble poverty standards, state card, buil t on the basi s of docume nt management . To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res ource int egration, and related fundi ng, wit h limited funds wi sely. By using a combi nation of 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优

employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for poverty eradi cation poverty eradicati on, e ducation, poverty alleviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of policie s, those policies, e nsur e the completi on of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradi cation for the year. To a ctively promote t he constr ucti on of new towns. I n February t his year, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi ni ons, propose d to a dhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr oniz ation, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation and cult ural heritage of new ur bani zation pa th with Chine se characteristi cs. A ccording t o distri ct-wi de constr uction of civil ized city and t he bea utiful countryside, further stre ngthe ning of ur ban tra nsport, water s upply and drainage a nd sewage, waste dis pos al ground, underground, such as i nfrastruct ure constr ucti on, strive to create a safer a nd more liva ble envir onment . To a ctively seiz e the full stop and opportunities for poverty alleviation and devel opment, furt her efforts to increase forest vill ages merge, p opulation to the County (district) Council site s and ce ntres concentrated i n villages a nd tow ns. Combi ned devel opment of urba n construction and touri sm industries, careful pl anning and constr ucti on of a

number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour tow ns and villages, formi ng one village one pr oduct, a feature patter n. Cl oser to t he masses . Since last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the l eadi ng cadre s of grassroots masse s at work, s olve the probl ems of a large num ber of pe opl e, get the m asses give w hole hearted support t o and praise, t his w ork will carry on, a bsolutely ca nnot or moveme nt. Grassr oots mas ses and ca dres in com binat i on with poverty reducti on, com bine d with the steady w ork of

2

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for the masses com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the service of t he "last mile". Thir d, foster the devel opment of new e nergy, new Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinping stre sse d devel opment of innovation fore st restruct uring, revitali zation of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr e he nsive opini ons of revitalizing Nort heast China a nd other old industrial bas es, the CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Northeast China were ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the development has more to do wit h har d, and not muddle al ong, passive i nacti on. To rely on their ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still . T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new re quireme nts. We must se ize the opp ortunity, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, t o start and target, give full play to the i nitiative of leadi ng ca dres at all levels , active, a ctive, focusi ng on bui ldi ng new mome ntum for devel opme nt, accelerating tra nsformation of forest devel opment. To im plement the ne w development phil osophy. Philosophy is t he acti on g uide, new i deas a nd new

developments. Carrying out innovati on, coordinati on a nd development of gree n, open, share d idea s, must be measura ble, dire ct acti on wit h new devel opment conce pts, traini ng cadre s. I n a new development conce pt as a yardsti ck. Establi she d in li ne with t he ne w concept of evaluat i on sy stem and evaluation criteri on, em bodies the new development poli cy, organizati on, mandate impleme ntation, always meas ur ed by t he new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous corre ction of forest transiti on cours e. I n a new development conce pt for the path command. As part of the impleme ntation of the new development phil os ophy foll owed a nd a ction gui deline s, firmly adjuste d, cor recte d and reject uns uitabl e, ina ppr opriate and eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a ppr oach base d on a br oad visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr ucti on, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsur e that new devel opment i deas take root in forest areas . In a new deve lopme nt concept for wea pon training cadre. E ducation leaders "i n the new, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and powe r. Combined de velopment "six big i ndustry", and implementati on "three big engi neeri ng", and

create "two big envir onme nt", strengthe ning on ne w devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of lear ning, a nd gras p and using, rea l put thoug ht and a ction unified to new devel opme nt concept up, at with new dev elopment concept armed himself, and g uide practi ce, effective do advocate innova tion, a nd focuse d on coordi nation, and advocate green, and thick plant ope n, and advance s hared. Second, we must rely on Scie nce and technol ogy affects. Te chnical i nnovation is the promoti on of e conomic transformation a nd upgradi ng, quality and efficiency "first power".

17.商业利润是商业职工( A.必要劳动时间创造的剩余价值 C.必要劳动时间实现的剩余价值 18.垄断资本主义的本质特征是( A.垄断 C.竞争

) B.剩余劳动时间实现的剩余价值 D.全部劳动时间实现的剩余价值 ) B.信用 D.积累 ) B.国家财政拨款 D.通过资本市场获利 )

19.国家垄断资本积累的主要途径是( A.通过企业赢利 C.获取银行信贷

20.垄断资本主义国家财政收入政策主要调整的税种是( A.行为税 C.流转税 B.财产税 D.所得税 )

21.在垄断资本主义阶段,占统治地位的资本是( A.工业资本 C.商业资本 22.经济全球化的本质是( A.建立统一的国际经济秩序 C.国际经济调节的制度安排 )

B.银行资本 D.金融资本

B.实现跨国界经济联合 D.资源配置的国际化 )

23.仅规定缔约国之间的贸易免除关税和限额的经济一体化形式是( A.经济联盟 C.自由贸易区 B.关税同盟 D.经济政治联合体 )

24.资本主义过渡到社会主义的客观物质条件是指( A.无产阶级反抗资产阶级的斗争 B.垄断资本主义国家与发展中国家差距拉大 C.垄断资本主义国家之间矛盾尖锐化 D.经济的全面社会化 25.我国经济特区是( A.社会主义性质的 C.垄断资本主义性质的 )

B.资本主义性质的 D.国家资本主义性质的 )

26.我国国有经济对整个经济发展的主导作用,主要体现于( A.控制力 B.增值力

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd soci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with feasi ble poverty standards, state card, built on the basi s of docume nt management . To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res ource integration, and related fundi ng, wit h limited funds wi sely. By using a combi nation of 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优

employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for poverty eradi cation poverty eradicati on, e ducation, poverty alleviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of policie s, those policies, e nsur e the completi on of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradi cation for the year. To a ctively promote t he constr ucti on of new towns. I n February t his year, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, propose d to a dhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr oniz ation, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation and cult ural heritage of new ur bani zation pa th with Chine se characteristi cs. A ccording t o distri ct-wi de constr uction of civil ized city and t he bea utiful countryside, further stre ngthe ning of ur ban tra nsport, water s upply and drainage a nd sewage, waste dis pos al ground, underground, such as i nfrastruct ure constr ucti on, strive to create a safer a nd more liva ble envir onment . To a ctively seiz e the full stop and opportunities for poverty alleviation and devel opment, furt her efforts to increase forest vill ages merge, population to the County (district) Co uncil site s and ce ntres concentrated i n villages a nd tow ns. Combi ned devel opment of urba n construction and touri sm industries, careful pl anning and constr ucti on of a

number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour tow ns and villages, formi ng one village one pr oduct, a feature patter n. Cl oser to t he masses . Since last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the l eadi ng cadre s of grassroots masse s at work, s olve the probl ems of a large num ber of pe opl e, get the m asses give w hole hearted support t o and praise, t his w ork will carry on, a bsolutely ca nnot or moveme nt. Grassr oots mas ses and ca dres in com binati on with poverty reducti on, com bine d with the steady w ork of

第 3 页

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for the masses com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the service of t he "last mile". Thir d, foster the devel opment of new e nergy, new Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinping stre sse d devel opment of innovation fore st restruct uring, revitali zation of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compre he nsive opini ons of revitalizing Nort heast China a nd other old industrial bas es, the CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Northeast China were ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the development has more to do wit h har d, and not muddle al ong, passive i nacti on. To rely on their ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new re quireme nts. We must se ize the opportunity, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, t o start and target, give full play to the i nitiative of leadi ng ca dres at all levels , active, a ctive, focusi ng on bui ldi ng new mome ntum for devel opme nt, accelerating tra nsformation of forest devel opment. To im plement the ne w development phil osophy. Philosophy is t he acti on g uide, new i deas a nd new

developments. Carrying out innovati on, coordinati on a nd development of gree n, open, share d idea s, must be measura ble, dire ct acti on wit h new devel opment conce pts, traini ng cadre s. I n a new development conce pt as a yardsti ck. Establi she d in li ne with t he ne w concept of evaluati on sy stem and evaluation criteri on, em bodies the new development poli cy, organizati on, mandate impleme ntation, alw ays meas ured by t he new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous corre ction of forest transiti on cours e. I n a new development conce pt for the path command. As part of the impleme ntation of the new development phil os ophy foll owed a nd a ction gui deline s, firmly adjuste d, correcte d and reject uns uitabl e, ina ppr opriate and eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a ppr oach base d on a br oad visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr ucti on, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsur e that new devel opment i deas take root in forest areas . In a new deve lopme nt concept for wea pon training cadre. E ducation leaders "i n the new, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and powe r. Combined de velopment "six big i ndustry", and implementati on "three big engi neeri ng", and

create "two big envir onme nt", strengthe ning on ne w devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of lear ning, a nd gras p and using, rea l put thoug ht and a ction unified to new devel opme nt concept up, at with new dev elopment concept armed himself, and g uide practi ce, effective do advocate innova tion, a nd focuse d on coordi nation, and advocate green, and thick plant ope n, and advance s hared. Second, we must rely on Scie nce and technol ogy affects. Te chnical i nnovation is the promoti on of e conomic transformation a nd upgradi ng, quality and efficiency "first power".

C.运营效率

D.科学管理 )

27.社会主义公有制条件下个人消费品分配的基本原则是( A.按需分配 C.按资分配 28.现代企业制度的基本特征是( A.产权清晰、权责明确、管理科学 B.产权清晰、政企分开、管理科学 C.产权清晰、权责明确、政企分开 D.产权清晰、权责明确、政企分开、管理科学 29.国家财政预算、银行信贷、劳务费用支付、价格体系是( A.社会主义按劳分配的途径 B.社会主义国民收入初次分配的途径 C.社会主义国民收入再分配的途径 D.社会主义国民收入第三次分配的途径 30.社会主义国家宏观调控中,直接调控的主要特征是( A.通过市场中介进行调控 C.不通过市场中介进行调控 ) B.按劳分配 D.按生产要素分配





B.不运用行政手段进行调控 D.不运用计划手段进行调控

二、多项选择题(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分) 在每小题列出的五个备选项中至少有两个是符合题目要求的,请将其代码填写在题后的括号内。错选、多选、 少选或未选均无分。 31.商品价值形式的发展经历了四个阶段,它们是( A.简单的价值形式 C.扩大的价值形式 E.货币形式 32.任何一个社会形态的经济规律体系都包括( A.共有的经济规律 C.基本经济规律 E.剩余价值规律 33.超额剩余价值是( ) B.个别资本家提高劳动生产率的结果 D.只有个别资本家才能获得 ) )

B.复杂的价值形式 D.一般价值形式

B.特有的经济规律 D.价值规律

A.个别价值低于社会价值的差额 C.全社会劳动生产率提高的结果 E.所有资本家都能获得

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd soci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determ ine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with feasi ble poverty standards, state card, buil t on the basi s of docume nt management . To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res ource int egration, and related fundi ng, wit h limited funds wi sely. By using a combi nation of 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优

employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for poverty eradi cation poverty eradicati on, e ducation, poverty alleviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of policie s, those policies, e nsur e the completi on of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradi cation for the year. To a ctively promote t he constr ucti on of new towns. I n February t his year, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi ni ons, propose d to a dhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr oniz ation, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation and cult ural heritage of new ur bani zation pa th with Chine se characteristi cs. A ccording t o distri ct-wi de constr uction of civil ized city and t he bea utiful countryside, further stre ngthe ning of ur ban tra nsport, water s upply and drainage a nd sewage, waste dis pos al ground, underground, such as i nfrastruct ure constr ucti on, strive to create a safer a nd more liva ble envir onment . To a ctively seiz e the full stop and opportunities for poverty alleviation and devel opment, furt her efforts to increase forest vill ages merge, p opulation to the County (district) Council site s and ce ntres concentrated i n villages a nd tow ns. Combi ned devel opment of urba n construction and touri sm industries, careful pl anning and constr ucti on of a

number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour tow ns and villages, formi ng one village one pr oduct, a feature patter n. Cl oser to t he masses . Since last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the l eadi ng cadre s of grassroots masse s at work, s olve the probl ems of a large num ber of pe opl e, get the m asses give w hole hearted support t o and praise, t his w ork will carry on, a bsolutely ca nnot or moveme nt. Grassr oots mas ses and ca dres in com binat i on with poverty reducti on, com bine d with the steady w ork of

4

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for the masses com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the service of t he "last mile". Thir d, foster the devel opment of new e nergy, new Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinping stre sse d devel opment of innovation fore st restruct uring, revitali zation of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr e he nsive opini ons of revitalizing Nort heast China a nd other old industrial bas es, the CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Northeast China were ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the development has more to do wit h har d, and not muddle al ong, passive i nacti on. To rely on their ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still . T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new re quireme nts. We must se ize the opp ortunity, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, t o start and target, give full play to the i nitiative of leadi ng ca dres at all levels , active, a ctive, focusi ng on bui ldi ng new mome ntum for devel opme nt, accelerating tra nsformation of forest devel opment. To im plement the ne w development phil osophy. Philosophy is t he acti on g uide, new i deas a nd new

developments. Carrying out innovati on, coordinati on a nd development of gree n, open, share d idea s, must be measura ble, dire ct acti on wit h new devel opment conce pts, traini ng cadre s. I n a new development conce pt as a yardsti ck. Establi she d in li ne with t he ne w concept of evaluat i on sy stem and evaluation criteri on, em bodies the new development poli cy, organizati on, mandate impleme ntation, always meas ur ed by t he new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous corre ction of forest transiti on cours e. I n a new development conce pt for the path command. As part of the impleme ntation of the new development phil os ophy foll owed a nd a ction gui deline s, firmly adjuste d, cor recte d and reject uns uitabl e, ina ppr opriate and eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a ppr oach base d on a br oad visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr ucti on, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsur e that new devel opment i deas take root in forest areas . In a new deve lopme nt concept for wea pon training cadre. E ducation leaders "i n the new, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and powe r. Combined de velopment "six big i ndustry", and implementati on "three big engi neeri ng", and

create "two big envir onme nt", strengthe ning on ne w devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of lear ning, a nd gras p and using, rea l put thoug ht and a ction unified to new devel opme nt concept up, at with new dev elopment concept armed himself, and g uide practi ce, effective do advocate innova tion, a nd focuse d on coordi nation, and advocate green, and thick plant ope n, and advance s hared. Second, we must rely on Scie nce and technol ogy affects. Te chnical i nnovation is the promoti on of e conomic transformation a nd upgradi ng, quality and efficiency "first power".

34.如果剩余价值率不变,影响年剩余价值量的因素有( A.不变资本的数量 C.不变资本的周转速度 E.固定资本的周转速度 35.利润转化为平均利润的过程,同时也是( A.生产要素在不同部门之间转移的过程 B.商品价值转化为生产价格的过程 C.剩余价值转化为利润的过程 D.剩余价值率转化为利润率的过程 E.各部门资本家重新瓜分剩余价值的过程 36.资本输出对落后国家的影响表现在( A.促使落后国家自然经济瓦解 B.刺激落后国家资本主义发展 C.使落后国家成为“食利国” D.实现落后国家产业结构的优化 E.使落后国家经济单一畸形化 37.垄断资本主义时期经济迅速发展趋势存在的原因包括( A.垄断人为阻碍技术进步的现象消失了 B.生产力总是处于不断变化与发展中 C.各种竞争迫使垄断组织关心技术进步 D.各国的军备竞赛刺激了技术发展 E.垄断资本主义国家对生产关系进行局部调整 38.健全和完善社会保障制度,应该做到( A.多渠道筹集社会保障基金 C.扩大社会保障对象 E.加强社会保障立法 39.社会主义宏观调控中的经济杠杆体系所具有的功能主要是( A.调节功能 C.控制功能 E.监督功能 40.财政信贷是我国利用外资的一种方式,它包括( ) B.分配功能 D.核算功能 ) ) ) B.可变资本的数量



D.可变资本的周转速度



B.实行社会化保障管理 D.缩小社会保障覆盖面



livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd soci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with feasi ble poverty standards, state card, built on the basi s of docume nt management . To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res ource integration, and related fundi ng, wit h limited funds wi sely. By using a combi nation of 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优

employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for poverty eradi cation poverty eradicati on, e ducation, poverty alleviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of policie s, those policies, e nsur e the completi on of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradi cation for the year. To a ctively promote t he constr ucti on of new towns. I n February t his year, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi nions, propose d to a dhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr oniz ation, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation and cult ural heritage of new ur bani zation pa th with Chine se characteristi cs. A ccording t o distri ct-wi de constr uction of civil ized city and t he bea utiful countryside, further stre ngthe ning of ur ban tra nsport, water s upply and drainage a nd sewage, waste dis pos al ground, underground, such as i nfrastruct ure constr ucti on, strive to create a safer a nd more liva ble envir onment . To a ctively seiz e the full stop and opportunities for poverty alleviation and devel opment, furt her efforts to increase forest vill ages merge, population to the County (district) Co uncil site s and ce ntres concentrated i n villages a nd tow ns. Combi ned devel opment of urba n construction and touri sm industries, careful pl anning and constr ucti on of a

number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour tow ns and villages, formi ng one village one pr oduct, a feature patter n. Cl oser to t he masses . Since last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the l eadi ng cadre s of grassroots masse s at work, s olve the probl ems of a large num ber of pe opl e, get the m asses give w hole hearted support t o and praise, t his w ork will carry on, a bsolutely ca nnot or moveme nt. Grassr oots mas ses and ca dres in com binati on with poverty reducti on, com bine d with the steady w ork of

第 5 页

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for the masses com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the service of t he "last mile". Thir d, foster the devel opment of new e nergy, new Ge neral Se cretary XI Jinping stre sse d devel opment of innovation fore st restruct uring, revitali zation of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compre he nsive opini ons of revitalizing Nort heast China a nd other old industrial bas es, the CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalization in Northeast China were ... V igorous determi nation does not waver, the work does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the development has more to do wit h har d, and not muddle al ong, passive i nacti on. To rely on their ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only provi des new opportunities for devel opme nt in our region, and gave us new re quireme nts. We must se ize the opportunity, full use of nati onal poli cy, has to be more compli cated, t o start and target, give full play to the i nitiative of leadi ng ca dres at all levels , active, a ctive, focusi ng on bui ldi ng new mome ntum for devel opme nt, accelerating tra nsformation of forest devel opment. To im plement the ne w development phil osophy. Philosophy is t he acti on g uide, new i deas a nd new

developments. Carrying out innovati on, coordinati on a nd development of gree n, open, share d idea s, must be measura ble, dire ct acti on wit h new devel opment conce pts, traini ng cadre s. I n a new development conce pt as a yardsti ck. Establi she d in li ne with t he ne w concept of evaluati on sy stem and evaluation criteri on, em bodies the new development poli cy, organizati on, mandate impleme ntation, alw ays meas ured by t he new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous corre ction of forest transiti on cours e. I n a new development conce pt for the path command. As part of the impleme ntation of the new development phil os ophy foll owed a nd a ction gui deline s, firmly adjuste d, correcte d and reject uns uitabl e, ina ppr opriate and eve n against the new development i deas, behavi ors and pra ctices , more pragmatic a ppr oach base d on a br oad visi on, a nd creatively carry out ecologi cal constr ucti on, i ndustrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe ople' s livelihood, s uch as the w ork to e nsur e that new devel opment i deas take root in forest areas . In a new deve lopme nt concept for wea pon training cadre. E ducation leaders "i n the new, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and powe r. Combined de velopment "six big i ndustry", and implementati on "three big engi neeri ng", and

create "two big envir onme nt", strengthe ning on ne w devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of lear ning, a nd gras p and using, rea l put thoug ht and a ction unified to new devel opme nt concept up, at with new dev elopment concept armed himself, and g uide practi ce, effective do advocate innova tion, a nd focuse d on coordi nation, and advocate green, and thick plant ope n, and advance s hared. Second, we must rely on Scie nce and technol ogy affects. Te chnical i nnovation is the promoti on of e conomic transformation a nd upgradi ng, quality and efficiency "first power".

A.出口信贷 C.银行之间的往来 E.国际组织提供的贷款

B.政府贷款 D.在国际金融市场上筹集资金

三、简答题(本大题共 5 小题,每小题 6 分,共 30 分) 41.简述社会生产总过程中生产对分配、交换和消费的决定作用。 42.马克思是怎样通过分析资本主义简单再生产说明资本主义生产关系再生产的? 43.简述资本主义地租与封建地租的区别。 44.简述国家垄断资本再生产的功能。 45.简述可持续发展的内涵及其实质。 四、论述题(本大题共 3 小题,请任选 2 小题作答,全部作答只按前 2 小题评分。每小题 10 分,共 20 分) 46.试述我国实行“引进来”和“走出去”相结合这一对外开放战略的依据和意义。 47.试述商品经济、市场经济的含义以及二者的联系和区别。 48.为什么说相对剩余价值生产是在各个资本家追求超额剩余价值的过程中实现的?

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd soci al harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and im prove the liv elihood of the people as the starting point and e ndi ng poi nt of transition and improve fore st people's feeli ng and ha ppi ness . To promote poverty relief and devel opme nt work. Im pl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cision made by the CPC Central Committee, is also determ ine d by the provi ncial "first proj ect", we must unify think ing and acti on to t he requirements of the Ce ntral, provi ncial , resol utely win t he poverty battle. The previ ous pha se I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ridg e research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavier, more pres sure . For poverty relief a nd development work, we must pay attenti on to it, alway s in mind, graspi ng ha nds, shoul d not be bl indly optimisti c, ther e can be no sla ck. Poverty alleviation and devel opment li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order t o find out the real base of poor people as soon as possi ble, come up with feasi ble poverty standards, state card, buil t on the basi s of docume nt management . To firmly establi sh the "poverty reducti on" concept, i ncreas e the inte nsity of res ource int egration, and related fundi ng, wit h limited funds wi sely. By using a combi nation of 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优

employment, e ntrepre neur shi p for poverty eradi cation poverty eradicati on, e ducation, poverty alleviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of policie s, those policies, e nsur e the completi on of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradi cation for the year. To a ctively promote t he constr ucti on of new towns. I n February t his year, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her prom oting ur bani zation construction of new opi ni ons, propose d to a dhere to t he pe opl e-centere d, four moderni zations synchr oniz ation, optimizati on, e col ogy civili zation and cult ural heritage of new ur bani zation pa th with Chine se characteristi cs. A ccording t o distri ct-wi de constr uction of civil ized city and t he bea utiful countryside, further stre ngthe ning of ur ban tra nsport, water s upply and drainage a nd sewage, waste dis pos al ground, underground, such as i nfrastruct ure constr ucti on, strive to create a safer a nd more liva ble envir onment . To a ctively seiz e the full stop and opportunities for poverty alleviation and devel opment, furt her efforts to increase forest vill ages merge, p opulation to the County (district) Council site s and ce ntres concentrated i n villages a nd tow ns. Combi ned devel opment of urba n construction and touri sm industries, careful pl anning and constr ucti on of a

number of suitabl e for reside ntial and farm tour tow ns and villages, formi ng one village one pr oduct, a feature patter n. Cl oser to t he masses . Since last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the l eadi ng cadre s of grassroots masse s at work, s olve the probl ems of a large num ber of pe opl e, get the m asses give w hole hearted support t o and praise, t his w ork will carry on, a bsolutely ca nnot or moveme nt. Grassr oots mas ses and ca dres in com binat i on with poverty reducti on, com bine d with the steady w ork of

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